Practice and Theory in Systems of Education

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Editorial Board

Volume 13 Number 3 2018
ISSN 1788-2591 (Online)
ISSN 1788-2583 (Printed)

Benedicta Adokarley LOMOTEY:
An Analysis of Current Perceptions and Attitudes towards the Study of Spanish as a Foreign Language and its Prospects: The University of Ghana in Perspective,
pages 117-131

Through the administration of questionnaires, this paper examines the current perceptions and attitudes amongst students and other stakeholders about the learning of Spanish as a foreign language and its prospects. While the findings indicate that certain perceptions, such as the general relevance of learning Spanish as a foreign language have evolved positively, the great majority of students have little awareness of the significance of knowing the relevant aspects of Spanish history and culture, and the contribution of this knowledge to their language learning experience. The data shows that this lack of interest is complicated by certain challenges faced by the students such as problems with course load and comprehension difficulties due to the medium of instruction. The data also shows that these challenges faced by the students lead to language anxiety. Finally, the study also reviews recent research on learner attitudes, perceptions and beliefs with the aim of analysing the consequences of these perceptions on learning outcomes as well as other pedagogical implications.

Lydia BARZA, Jessica N. ESSARY:
Parents' Support of a Campus Laboratory School: The Case of the First University-Affiliated Nursery in the United Arab Emirates,
pages 132-151

Zayed University in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) engaged in a groundbreaking endeavor in 2013 when it opened its doors to the Early Childhood Learning Center (ECLC), the first university-affiliated education center for young children in the nation. This study sought to add to the literature on school choice and identify the level of support for a laboratory nursery within the context of an Arab, Muslim university with mostly ex-patriate, Western faculty and staff. Both parents who did and did not enroll their children were surveyed (n=217) and interviewed (n=38) over the first two years of operation. Results suggest the most salient factors that attracted parents to the Center were affordability, quality of caretakers, and location on the university campus. Location was associated with increased opportunities for parent involvement and quality of the curriculum. Themes from data on parents who chose not to enroll their child included cost and the belief that young children are best cared for at home by family. Recommendations include maintaining successful practices as identified by participants and addressing gaps in community understanding of its four-part mission, particularly its role as a research and teaching center. Results have implications for child care decision-making and nursery lab school management in the UAE.

The Connection between the Problem-Solving Behaviour of the Entering Biology BSc Students and their Conceptual Knowledge and Teaching Methods,
pages 152-161

In Hungary we require academic knowledge, we deprive students of gaining experiences and, as a result, they will be unable to interpret there knowledge into real situations, they have knowledge, but can't use it . This is also reflected in the international competence-tests. Because of the huge value of the academic knowledge and the short time, teachers use frontal methods. As a result of this students tend to move away from science subjects, because they find them too scientific and not useful. In this study, we examined first year university students' problem solving skills and their professional knowledge in biology. A successful problem solver needs procedural and declarative knowledge too. Besides, we investigated the teaching methods' effect to the problem solving skill.

Self-efficacy and Career Choice,
pages 162-170

The purpose of our thesis is to examine the self-efficacy, the central notion of the social-cognitive carrier theories, in context with counselling and the satisfaction of life. We have assumed, that those, who have rated themselves higher in the questions related the dimensions of self-efficacy, are more satisfied with their life, and we have supposed it too, that those, who have took part in some sort of carrier counselling have rated their self-efficacy higher, too. We have involved almost 150 people in our research (from the age of 18-50). We have developed a questionnaire to measure the dimensions (based on Super's career maturity theory) of self-efficacy and we have used Diener's questionnaire to measure the life satisfaction. Our results have shown, that those people, who have rated themselves higher in the dimensions of self-efficacy are more satisfied with life and that the participation in carrier counselling was more likely.

Measuring Reading Comprehension Levels among Hungarian Secondary School Students in Slovakia,
pages 171-178

Only a few researches have been realized yet to measure the level of reading comprehension skills of Hungarian secondary school students living in Slovakia. In my opinion it is very important to investigate the mentioned research field mainly to realize what the reading comprehension skills of Hungarian secondary school students are in various school types of different districts in Slovakia. The reading comprehension skills are used almost by every person on a daily basis not just in education but in everyday situations as well, e.g. we read and interpret messages, timetables or recipes, etc. In this study the methodology, the hypotheses, and some of the results will be presented from my reading comprehension research among Hungarian secondary school students in Slovakia. Before presenting my research I will sum up the definitions of the terms text and reading comprehension in the following chapters.

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