Practice and Theory in Systems of Education


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Editorial Board


CONTENTS
Volume 13 Number 2 2018
ISSN 1788-2591 (Online)
ISSN 1788-2583 (Printed)


Gabriella SIPKÓ LUKÁCSNÉ, Veronika VÉGH, Henriette PUSZTAFALVI:
The Status of Individuals Living with Autism, from Identification to Diagnosis, Accessibility of Therapy,
pages 55-63

The purpose of the study was to demonstrate that children diagnosed with autism under the age of 3, when provided with the proper intervention, needed less time to overcome deficiencies than those diagnosed after they had turned 3. According to our results, diagnosis before the age of 3 were happened 2.7 times more often by the parents than by the medics. Typically more than 6 months were spent from the identification of the symptoms until the diagnosis. As a result of the research, if the frequency of the development is increased, less time is needed for the appearance of the first results.

Beatrix SÉLLEI:
Teachers' and Educators' Attitudes towards Disabled Person,
pages 64-80

Due to the legal regulation nowadays integration and inclusion is more than a puffed-up principle, it's now part of the common practice also in the field of education. Teachers' and educators' attitude towards disability is a model and this shapes the view and attitude of children and youth towards disability. That means that today's teachers play an important role in future's real societal acceptance of disability. In my research I surveyed a representative sample of Hungarian teachers (n=496). The main question was the acceptance of disability and the differences in the attitude towards different forms of disability. Based on the data there's a hierarchy in attitude between the different disabled groups. I compared with ANOVA the attitude components like personality, performance, look and regret, and the main difference is between the most accepted (people with physical disability) and the most refused groups (people with mental disability). The second research focus was on the potential background variables, particularly on the personal and emotional characteristics. Near the high level of empathy the other significant emotional competence was the flexibility (r=,304, p<0,01). It means that acceptance is not really a question for teachers but they've to deal with the challenges of the everyday issues of integration and inclusion. The third research question dealt with the stereotypes about disability. I used an open question which asked about the suggested jobs for different groups of disabled persons. The answers were consonant with the results above, teachers have complex mental representation about disability, about the strengths and weaknesses of different disabled groups, that's why they gave diverse ideas rather than stereotypical suggestions. In summary the results are promising, open pedagogues help not only to the children with special educational needs but also by the shaping of average children's attitude towards disability.

Maria-Katalin DOMJAN:
Intrinsic Motivation and Factors Associated to Choosing Teaching as a Career: A Meta-analytic Review,
pages 81-100

This research investigates the role of intrinsic motivation in choosing teaching as a career. My aim was to explore the relation between intrinsic motivation and different factors related to choosing teaching as a career, such as: perceived ability, working with children/adolescents, shaping the future of children/adolescents, and satisfaction with career choice. My study was motivated by the fact that no complex meta-analysis concerning the relation between intrinsic motivation and the above mentioned factors which influence the career choice of future teachers was found in the literature. I identified studies related to the connection between intrinsic motivation and these factors, for which I calculated the effect size with the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Software. The results of this meta-analysis are estimations of effect sizes for factors that influence the choice for teaching as a career. The paper presents this quantitative research: research procedure, criteria for including and excluding studies from the meta-analysis, the way of processing the data and the results. Besides the overall effect sizes, the relation between intrinsic motivation and the four factors are also discussed. The studies selected for this meta-analysis used the FIT-Choice (Factors Influencing Teaching Choice) Scale to measure these relations. Surprisingly, all the selected researches used the FIT-Choice (Factors Influencing Teaching Choice) Scale for measuring the factors I was interested in. The results show that, in spite of cultural differences between research subjects, the most important factor in choosing teaching as a career is related to intrinsic motivation.

Beatrix VINCZE:
Theoretical and Practical Models of Hungarian Life Reform Movement,
pages 101-109

The aims of the research are to present the so far unsearched pieces of the Hungarian Life reform movement based on the new international Paradigms, to describe the relationships and divisions and to analyse the variations in international context, in regard to reference points of the international and the Hungarian Life reform movement during the interwar period. The current paper gives a view about the different form of the life reform movement: communes (reform of everyday life and spirit); sanatoria, therapies and sport (focusing on the body) and ecological, economical and agrarian reforms (for the social renewing). The Hungarian vegetarian, Béla Bicsérdy can be served as an example for the pathfinder actions of individual happiness. The theory about the Third Way (from László Németh, Dezső Szabó) as a possible way out, was promoted under the Hungarian reform initiatives. The followers of this movement aspired for not only the reconstruction of lost individual identity and harmony between the person and nature, but also believed in the happiness of the society through remodelling of social life. The historical trauma in Hungary after 1920 (Treaty of Trianon) brought reforms into focus, because the Hungarian elite had responsibility for the false way of social development. The word "reform" was supported by the majority, because most people did not want the revolution. The future of Hungary was rewritten by the help of folk education. This interdisciplinary comparative historical research intends to present the multicultural perspectives of the movement and its impacts, to analyse the concepts and to show their pedagogical contents.

Thongsay PHONGPHANIT:
Cause of Teacher Burnout toward School Board Management at Demonstration Schools in Laos,
pages 110-116

Teaching is a challenging profession and burnout syndrome, both never separately each other. School itself can leading the teacher burnout, particular cynicism among leaders and teachers, culture, rules and policies. This study is aims to investigate the main cause of teacher burnout, to compare the stressor among teachers, to gather the teacher's opinion on the preventing the burnout toward the school board administration. A self-constructed questionnaire was designed tightly the research aims and twice examination the validity and reliability as conducted before sent it to 104 teacher employees. The result shown that unclear expectations, salary each month quite too long delayed, cynicism among leaders and teachers, mismatched among skill needs, training contents and subject taught, imbalance in allocating teaching hours a week, more than two subjects taught in each semester, these most the stressors and led the teacher burnout. Comparison analyzes found there is no gender and age difference in teacher burnout, while qualification and teaching experiences was statistically significant that teacher employees holder a master and teaching experiences < 10 years were stressor than other categories, the majority of teachers' suggestions deals with the school board that they should be self-awareness on the functioning responsibility and self-esteem in career ethics.


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